First of all, let us specify that, by amulet, we mean any object that protects a person from a problem. The range of amulets is very wide and can range from pendants to coins, including stones, designs, rings, plants or animals.
Since antiquity, man has seen in amulets a way to escape all its evils, whether physical or spiritual. We are therefore faced with an object to which we attribute, superstitiously, supernatural virtues.
In this text, we will focus on the amulets of ancient Egypt, a civilization that existed between 3150 BC and 31 AD, when the Roman Empire conquered Ptolemaic Egypt. This civilization was on both sides of the middle and lower bed of the Nile River.
Let’s take a closer look at these amuletsmany of which exist in different forms (for example as a pendant), which means that if any of the meanings we are about to give you seem to correspond to a point in your life and your character, it could be a good idea to wear them .
Eye of Horus: The Order
L’eye of horus is the quintessential Egyptian amulet. It was a solar symbol that embodied the order, that is to say everything that is perfect and imperturbable. Traditionally, it was a symbol with magical characteristics, protective, healing and even purification.
It is believed that the eye of Horus was a stylized version of the eye of the god Falcon, a symbol of cosmic-public stability which, moreover, also had the function of being an important funerary amulet.
The Eye of Horus has many meanings. In general, it represents theall-seeing eye and is associated with the indestructibility of the body and the ability to rebirth. It is used as talisman against diseases and against the evil eye, curses and spells.
Ankh: Eternal Life
L’Ankhalso known as crux ansata, in Latin “Ansée Cross”, represents the life or the eternal life. It concerns not only life on earth but also the hereafter. It’s a very picture similar to that of the christian cross the only difference being in the upper part, which has the shape of an elongated ring orcove. This cove represented the water that entered the Nile valley and therefore fertility. The cross in itself unites the man and the woman in a single design.
The Ieb: the heart
L’ieb represented, in ancient Egypt, the heart, which was considered the place of thoughts, emotions and life itself. In the judgments, the heart was represented in return for the pen of truth and justice. These amulets represent the courage to face invisible enemies, in reference to the wrath of deities defending what is theirs.
The tyet: female regeneration
The tyet also known as the knot of Isis, represents the female regeneration. As the woman gives life, her role in Egyptian civilization was fundamental. In theory, the tyet is a stylized representation of the genitals of the goddess. It serves as an amulet of fertility and is placed on the throat or on the chest.
The Uraeus: The Resurrection
L’Uraeus was a representation of the goddess Uadyet and traditionally served asprotective emblem to the pharaohs, who were the only ones authorized to wear it. The Uraeus had a shape of cobra and, at times, wore the Red Crown of Lower Egypt or the White Crown of Upper Egypt. The cobra, and snakes in general, were symbols of resurrection associated with the journeys of the Sun, in the sky and in the underworld.
The Djed Pillar
It is thought that the Dyed pillar could represent the spine of the god Osiris home ignore the object it actually represented. It is also believed that it could have been a fetish object from prehistory, linked to agriculture. There was also a ceremony, during which a Dyed pillar was erected which symbolized the stability of the kingdom and the resurrection of Osiris.
Lapis lazuli: remedy for fever
For the Egyptians, the lapis lazuli had healing properties against the fever and melancholy, the color blue being a symbol of purity.
The Beetle: Life and Power
The beetle dung beetle represented the nascent Soil and the resurrection. It also symbolized life and power. It was also the symbol of the constant transformation of existence. In mummification, it was of paramount importance because a scarab was placed on the chest of the deceased to protect his heart and ensure that he did not testify against the deceased at the time of the judgment of the dead.
The scorpion: against stings
the Scorpio was used as bite protection, the bites of poisonous insects and snakes. Later, it will also serve as an amulet against envy and betrayal.
The shen: guaranteeing the life of the deceased
The shen represented the circle of the solar orbit and claimed guarantee the life of the deceased. Its meaning was that everything that circulates near the sun will be eternal and guarantee everything that has no beginning or end.
Egyptian gods: against the evil eye
In ancient Egypt, men were polytheists and there was a large list of gods, as was the case in Greece or Rome. In general, using these gods as amulets served as protections against vermin or eye sickness.
Anubis is the god of the other world, of thebeyondthe one who took care of souls after their physical life.
King Vulture: A Better World
the king vulture connects the essence of the universe and the soul embodied in the human body to create a better world.
The cat: protector of the home
The cats were practically considered gods. They protected the crops, home but also housewives.
Coral stone: against sterility
The coral stone has been used since time immemorial to promote fertility and fight infertility.
The cobra: protection and punishment against malevolence
Although in our civilization the cobra is associated with negative things, in ancient Egypt it represented protection and punishment for those who deserved it. It was a positive symbol at that time.
The amulet of Nefer was considered, in Egypt, as one of the strongest protection amulets who are. It was used as a talisman and symbolized people’s desire for “luck”.
In ancient Egypt, it was believed that this amulet had the power toattract happiness, vitality and good friends. This Egyptian hieroglyph, which is pronounced “nfr”, is the symbolic recreation of the ancient type of lute, which is associated with celebration and happiness. In fact, the ancient Egyptian word “Nefer” meant “to be beautiful”.
Concerning its role towards the souls in the presence of the future life, this talisman was a kind of desire for blessing and a privileged life in eternity. The possessors of this symbol provided themselves with a special spiritual tool that brought them happiness, love, vitality and a healthy life.
It is an ancient Egyptian amulet that usually hangs from the back of the neck and acts as a counterweight to the necklace used in the front. These were generally glass items that were often buried with the dead and were a symbol of divine protection.
It would bring happiness and luck to the wearer. It was also believed to have magical properties.
Papyrus Scepter Amulet (Uadj)
The Scepter of Papyrus amulet would, in a way, grant resistance to death because it would bring renewed energy to the wearer. In addition, it was an amulet that was used to obtain the youth, vitality and all the qualities to survive the trials of the past life.
The Egyptian amulet of the Steps (Khet) is associated at the resurrection and symbolizes the ascension to the highest level of heaven or the throne of Osiris.
For the ancient Egyptians, the Footsteps symbolized the place where the ancient god Shu was, when he separated the earth from the sky. They also represent the throne of Osiris and the royal throne of Egypt.
This amulet is found in the New Kingdom funerary texts, known as the Book of the Dead, which were developed from the earlier so-called pyramid and coffin texts. In the Book of the Dead, Osiris is represented seated on his throne, which has the shape of a flight of steps. and holding a scepter and a whirlwind as symbols of his power of dominion in the realm of the dead.
The frog was used as a protective talisman for the living and the dead. For the ancient Egyptians, the Frog symbolized mortal life, rebirth and resurrection.
The frog amulet was available in a large number of materials such as gold, copper, stones of different colors, soapstone and colored and varnished earthenware glass, especially in green or turquoise. It was worn to protect themselves during life but also to protect those who died, which is why many Egyptians were buried with this amulet.
The frog amulet was used for its magical powers against disease, pain and suffering. Her protection also extended to the desires of recovery from illness and she became a talisman of long life.
Maq-t or Scale Amulet
The ladder was used as a protective talisman for the living and for the dead. It was thought that this amulet allowed the deceased to pass from this world to the next.
For the ancient Egyptians, the staircase represented a connection with the celestial world and divine help to reach the celestial world of life after death.
According to Egyptian mythology, Osiris could not reach heaven and Ra would have provided him with a ladder. The ladder was a symbol of Horus, the son of Isis and Osiris. Horus is said to have extended two fingers to help his father Osiris climb this ladder to the next world. There is also another myth, that of the souls of Pé and Nekhen, followers of Horus, who would have held out a golden ladder to the pharaoh to help him reach life after death.