Neptune: Facts and Information about the God Neptune

Neptune is the Roman god of the sea. He is the brother of Pluto and Jupiter. He looks a lot like Poseidon, the Greek god of the sea. Often associated with fresh water, he is mentioned for the first time in Roman mythology in 399 BC.

Its name means “wet” in Latin. Neptune is often depicted as an elderly man with a long beard and a trident. Neptune is sometimes depicted surrounded by fish and other sea creatures. He is also associated with horse racing because of the first representations of this god, enthroned on a chariot pulled over the seas by a horse.


Originally, Neptune was not associated with the sea, because the ancient Italians had no such god at the time.

The father of Neptune, Pluto and Jupiter was Saturn. Ops, their mother, was also the mother of the earth. He also had three sisters: Vesta, Juno and Ceres. Neptune’s father allegedly swallowed his children and it was their mother, Ops, who saved them by tricking Saturn into swallowing a stone. The children would have been freed as Saturn tried to get rid of the stone that was in its belly. They then turned against their father and teamed up to defeat him. After the defeat of Saturn, the three brothers would have divided the control of the world. Jupiter would then have become the master of the Sky, Pluto that of the Underworld and Neptune that of the Sea.

Temperament and behavior

Neptune is known for his violent nature and temper. Many stories describe him as difficult and quite vindictive. His behavior is said to reflect the unpredictable nature of the sea. According to a mythological tale, it was his unpredictable nature that drove Neptune to try to overthrow his brother Jupiter and become ruler of the Underworld. However, his attempt reportedly failed.

Neptune and earthquakes

Due to its violent temper, Neptune was associated with earthquakes. At that time, we did not really understand the cause of these telluric manifestations. The ancient Romans thought they came from the sea, but they had no scientific knowledge of phenomena like tectonic plates and land motion. Neptune being the god of the sea, an earthquake was thought to occur when he got angry.

Ses relations

In some accounts of the Roman god Neptune, he possesses a wife named Salacia, of whom not much is known. In ancient Italian mythology she may have been the goddess of salt water. Neptune had three children by her. The best known is Triton. Like his father, he was often represented with a trident (a kind of fork with three prongs). Triton’s physical appearance was also reminiscent of the sea, as he was the male version of a mermaid. Neptune had a reputation for being a ladies’ man. He would have had many adventures. Due to these countless romantic relationships, he would have had many other sons and daughters, in addition to the three children he had with his wife. Its most famous illegitimate offspring are Pegasus and Atlas.

Neptune and the Water Nymph

Amphitrite would also have been considered as the wife of Neptune and this much more often than Salacia. A mythological story tells that Neptune saw Amphitrite, a water nymph, dancing on the island of Naxos. He was reportedly captivated by her beauty and immediately fell in love with her, asking her to marry him. She would have refused and would have fled but, far from being discouraged, Neptune would have sent one of his servants, a dolphin, to try to find her. The dolphin, intelligent and charming, would have succeeded in convincing Amphitrite to change her mind and she would have agreed to marry Neptune. As a reward, the dolphin would have been transformed into an immortal being and would have had a place of honor in the heavens: the constellation of the dolphin. This is why a dolphin is sometimes represented alongside Neptune.

Neptune Rating

Neptune was once a minor god who did not play a significant role in the stories of the Roman gods. In fact, before Neptune it was often the god Fortunus (or Portunus) who was associated with the sea. Fortunus was generally recognized for his Roman victories at sea. It was not until the stories of the Greek god Poseidon became known. that Neptune was elevated to his current status among the Roman gods. He became the god of Roman victories in battles at sea.

Cults of Neptune

As the Romans believed that Neptune helped them achieve important victories, such as capturing the ancient city of Veii, two temples were built in his honor. Special offerings were brought to these temples for Neptune to be benevolent. The idea was that, if this god was satisfied with the offerings made to him, the seas would continue to be favorable to the Romans. At that time, the ancient Romans held festivals in July to honor Neptune.

There is no doubt that Neptune’s legacy still exists today. The name “Neptunus Equester” is a reference to his association with horse racing which gave rise to the word “equestrian”, often related to horse racing or anything related to the horse. It is clear that many of the qualities associated with Neptune were borrowed from Poseidon. He is considered the definitive Roman god of the sea. In 1846, it was decided to name the planet Neptune after this god, due to its bluish color. This is just one example of how Neptune’s legacy still lives on today.